Please note: this site relies heavily on the use of javascript. Without a javascript-enabled browser, this site will not function correctly. Please enable javascript and reload the page, or switch to a different browser.
38  structures 2719  species 2  interactions 4229  sequences 5  architectures

Family: Arg_repressor (PF01316)

Summary: Arginine repressor, DNA binding domain

Pfam includes annotations and additional family information from a range of different sources. These sources can be accessed via the tabs below.

This is the Wikipedia entry entitled "Arginine repressor ArgR". More...

Arginine repressor ArgR Edit Wikipedia article

Arginine repressor, C-terminal domain
PDB 1xxa EBI.jpg
c-terminal domain of escherichia coli arginine repressor/ l-arginine complex; pb derivative
Identifiers
Symbol Arg_repressor_C
Pfam PF02863
InterPro IPR020899
SCOP 1aoy
SUPERFAMILY 1aoy
Arginine repressor, DNA binding domain
Identifiers
Symbol Arg_repressor
Pfam PF01316
SCOP 1aoy
SUPERFAMILY 1aoy

In molecular biology, the arginine repressor (ArgR) is a repressor of prokaryotic arginine deiminase pathways.

The arginine dihydrolase (AD) pathway is found in many prokaryotes and some primitive eukaryotes, an example of the latter being Giardia lamblia (Giardia intestinalis).[1] The three-enzyme anaerobic pathway breaks down L-arginine to form 1 mol of ATP, carbon dioxide and ammonia. In simpler bacteria, the first enzyme, arginine deiminase, can account for up to 10% of total cell protein.[1]

Most prokaryotic arginine deiminase pathways are under the control of a repressor gene, termed ArgR.[2] This is a negative regulator, and will only release the arginine deiminase operon for expression in the presence of arginine.[3] The crystal structure of apo-ArgR from Bacillus stearothermophilus has been determined to 2.5A by means of X-ray crystallography.[4] The protein exists as a hexamer of identical subunits, and is shown to have six DNA-binding domains, clustered around a central oligomeric core when bound to arginine. It predominantly interacts with A.T residues in ARG boxes. This hexameric protein binds DNA at its N terminus to repress arginine biosyntheis or activate arginine catabolism. Some species have several ArgR paralogs. In a neighbour-joining tree, some of these paralogous sequences show long branches and differ significantly from the well-conserved C-terminal region.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Brown DM, Upcroft JA, Edwards MR, Upcroft P (January 1998). "Anaerobic bacterial metabolism in the ancient eukaryote Giardia duodenalis". Int. J. Parasitol. 28 (1): 149–64. doi:10.1016/S0020-7519(97)00172-0. PMID 9504342. 
  2. ^ Lu CD, Houghton JE, Abdelal AT (May 1992). "Characterization of the arginine repressor from Salmonella typhimurium and its interactions with the carAB operator". J. Mol. Biol. 225 (1): 11–24. doi:10.1016/0022-2836(92)91022-H. PMID 1583685. 
  3. ^ Maghnouj A, de Sousa Cabral TF, Stalon V, Vander Wauven C (December 1998). "The arcABDC gene cluster, encoding the arginine deiminase pathway of Bacillus licheniformis, and its activation by the arginine repressor argR". J. Bacteriol. 180 (24): 6468–75. PMC 107747. PMID 9851988. 
  4. ^ Ni J, Sakanyan V, Charlier D, Glansdorff N, Van Duyne GD (May 1999). "Structure of the arginine repressor from Bacillus stearothermophilus". Nat. Struct. Biol. 6 (5): 427–32. doi:10.1038/8229. PMID 10331868. 

This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro IPR020899

This page is based on a Wikipedia article. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Arginine repressor, DNA binding domain Provide feedback

No Pfam abstract.

Literature references

  1. Sunnerhagen M, Nilges M, Otting G, Carey J; , Nat Struct Biol 1997;4:819-826.: Solution structure of the DNA-binding domain and model for the complex of multifunctional hexameric arginine repressor with DNA. PUBMED:9334747 EPMC:9334747


Internal database links

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR020900

The arginine dihydrolase (AD) pathway is found in many prokaryotes and some primitive eukaryotes, an example of the latter being Giardia lamblia (Giardia intestinalis) [PUBMED:9504342]. The three-enzyme anaerobic pathway breaks down L-arginine to form 1 mol of ATP, carbon dioxide and ammonia. In simpler bacteria, the first enzyme, arginine deiminase, can account for up to 10% of total cell protein [PUBMED:9504342].

Most prokaryotic arginine deiminase pathways are under the control of a repressor gene, termed ArgR [PUBMED:1583685]. This is a negative regulator, and will only release the arginine deiminase operon for expression in the presence of arginine [PUBMED:9851988]. The crystal structure of apo-ArgR from Bacillus stearothermophilus has been determined to 2.5A by means of X-ray crystallography [PUBMED:10331868]. The protein exists as a hexamer of identical subunits, and is shown to have six DNA-binding domains, clustered around a central oligomeric core when bound to arginine. It predominantly interacts with A.T residues in ARG boxes. This hexameric protein binds DNA at its N terminus to repress arginine biosyntheis or activate arginine catabolism. Some species have several ArgR paralogs. In a neighbour-joining tree, some of these paralogous sequences show long branches and differ significantly from the well-conserved C-terminal region.

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

Loading domain graphics...

Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan HTH (CL0123), which contains the following 202 members:

AphA_like Arg_repressor B-block_TFIIIC Bac_DnaA_C BetR Bot1p BrkDBD CENP-B_N Cro Crp DDRGK Dimerisation DUF1133 DUF1153 DUF1323 DUF134 DUF1441 DUF1492 DUF1495 DUF1670 DUF1804 DUF1836 DUF1870 DUF2089 DUF2250 DUF2316 DUF3116 DUF3853 DUF387 DUF3908 DUF4095 DUF4364 DUF739 DUF742 DUF977 E2F_TDP ELK Ets Exc F-112 FaeA Fe_dep_repr_C Fe_dep_repress FeoC Ftsk_gamma FUR GcrA GerE GntR HARE-HTH HemN_C Homeobox Homeobox_KN Homez HrcA_DNA-bdg HSF_DNA-bind HTH_1 HTH_10 HTH_11 HTH_12 HTH_13 HTH_15 HTH_16 HTH_17 HTH_18 HTH_19 HTH_20 HTH_21 HTH_22 HTH_23 HTH_24 HTH_25 HTH_26 HTH_27 HTH_28 HTH_29 HTH_3 HTH_30 HTH_31 HTH_32 HTH_33 HTH_34 HTH_35 HTH_36 HTH_37 HTH_38 HTH_39 HTH_40 HTH_41 HTH_42 HTH_43 HTH_45 HTH_5 HTH_6 HTH_7 HTH_8 HTH_9 HTH_AraC HTH_AsnC-type HTH_CodY HTH_Crp_2 HTH_DeoR HTH_IclR HTH_Mga HTH_OrfB_IS605 HTH_psq HTH_Tnp_1 HTH_Tnp_1_2 HTH_Tnp_4 HTH_Tnp_IS1 HTH_Tnp_IS630 HTH_Tnp_ISL3 HTH_Tnp_Mu_1 HTH_Tnp_Mu_2 HTH_Tnp_Tc3_1 HTH_Tnp_Tc3_2 HTH_Tnp_Tc5 HTH_WhiA HxlR IF2_N KorB LacI LexA_DNA_bind LZ_Tnp_IS481 MADF_DNA_bdg MarR MarR_2 Med9 MerR MerR-DNA-bind MerR_1 MerR_2 Mga Mnd1 Mor MotA_activ MRP-L20 Myb_DNA-bind_2 Myb_DNA-bind_3 Myb_DNA-bind_4 Myb_DNA-bind_5 Myb_DNA-bind_6 Myb_DNA-binding Neugrin NUMOD1 OST-HTH P22_Cro PaaX PadR PAX PCI PCI_Csn8 Penicillinase_R Phage_AlpA Phage_antitermQ Phage_CI_repr Phage_CII Phage_rep_org_N Phage_terminase Pou Pox_D5 PuR_N Put_DNA-bind_N Rap1-DNA-bind Rep_3 RepA_C RepA_N RepC RepL Replic_Relax RFX_DNA_binding Ribosomal_S25 Rio2_N RNA_pol_Rpc34 RP-C RPA RPA_C RQC Rrf2 RTP SAC3_GANP SgrR_N Sigma54_CBD Sigma54_DBD Sigma70_ECF Sigma70_r2 Sigma70_r3 Sigma70_r4 Sigma70_r4_2 SpoIIID Sulfolobus_pRN TBPIP Terminase_5 TetR_N TFIIE_alpha Tn916-Xis Trans_reg_C TrfA TrmB Trp_repressor UPF0122 z-alpha

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(10)
Full
(4229)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(1777)
Meta
(256)
RP15
(156)
RP35
(308)
RP55
(440)
RP75
(530)
Jalview View  View  View  View  View  View  View  View 
HTML View  View  View  View  View  View     
PP/heatmap 1 View  View  View  View  View     
Pfam viewer View  View             

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(10)
Full
(4229)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(1777)
Meta
(256)
RP15
(156)
RP35
(308)
RP55
(440)
RP75
(530)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(10)
Full
(4229)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(1777)
Meta
(256)
RP15
(156)
RP35
(308)
RP55
(440)
RP75
(530)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

Pfam alignments:

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Sarah Teichmann
Previous IDs: none
Type: Domain
Author: Finn RD, Bateman A, Griffiths-Jones SR
Number in seed: 10
Number in full: 4229
Average length of the domain: 69.40 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 34 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 44.70 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 21.0 21.0
Trusted cut-off 21.1 21.0
Noise cut-off 20.9 20.9
Model length: 70
Family (HMM) version: 16
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

Sunburst controls

Show

This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

Loading sunburst data...

Tree controls

Hide

The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...

Loading...

Please note: for large trees this can take some time. While the tree is loading, you can safely switch away from this tab but if you browse away from the family page entirely, the tree will not be loaded.

Interactions

There are 2 interactions for this family. More...

Arg_repressor Arg_repressor_C

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Arg_repressor domain has been found. There are 38 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

Loading structure mapping...