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4  structures 296  species 0  interactions 994  sequences 11  architectures

Family: CHCH (PF06747)

Summary: CHCH domain

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CHCH domain Provide feedback

we have identified a conserved motif in the LOC118487 protein that we have called the CHCH motif. Alignment of this protein with related members showed the presence of three subgroups of proteins, which are called the S (Small), N (N-terminal extended) and C (C-terminal extended) subgroups. All three sub-groups of proteins have in common that they contain a predicted conserved [coiled coil 1]-[helix 1]-[coiled coil 2]-[helix 2] domain (CHCH domain). Within each helix of the CHCH domain, there are two cysteines present in a C-X9-C motif. The N-group contains an additional double helix domain, and each helix contains the C-X9-C motif. This family contains a number of characterised proteins: Cox19 protein - a nuclear gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, codes for an 11-kDa protein (Cox19p) required for expression of cytochrome oxidase. Because cox19 mutants are able to synthesise the mitochondrial and nuclear gene products of cytochrome oxidase, Cox19p probably functions post-translationally during assembly of the enzyme. Cox19p is present in the cytoplasm and mitochondria, where it exists as a soluble intermembrane protein. This dual location is similar to what was previously reported for Cox17p, a low molecular weight copper protein thought to be required for maturation of the CuA centre of subunit 2 of cytochrome oxidase. Cox19p have four conserved potential metal ligands, these are three cysteines and one histidine. Mrp10 - belongs to the class of yeast mitochondrial ribosomal proteins that are essential for translation [2]. Eukaryotic NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase 19 kDa (NDUFA8) subunit [3]. The CHCH domain was previously called DUF657 [4].

Literature references

  1. Nobrega MP, Bandeira SC, Beers J, Tzagoloff A; , J Biol Chem 2002;277:40206-40211.: Characterization of COX19, a widely distributed gene required for expression of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase. PUBMED:12171940 EPMC:12171940

  2. Jin C, Myers AM, Tzagoloff A; , Curr Genet 1997;31:228-234.: Cloning and characterization of MRP10, a yeast gene coding for a mitochondrial ribosomal protein. PUBMED:9065385 EPMC:9065385

  3. Triepels R, van den Heuvel L, Loeffen J, Smeets R, Trijbels F, Smeitink J; , Hum Genet 1998;103:557-563.: The nuclear-encoded human NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase NDUFA8 subunit: cDNA cloning, chromosomal localization, tissue distribution, and mutation detection in complex-I-deficient patients. PUBMED:9860297 EPMC:9860297

  4. Westerman BA, Poutsma A, Steegers EA, Oudejans CB; , Genomics 2004;83:1094-1104.: C2360, a nuclear protein expressed in human proliferative cytotrophoblasts, is a representative member of a novel protein family with a conserved coiled coil-helix-coiled coil-helix domain. PUBMED:15177562 EPMC:15177562


External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR010625

A conserved motif was identified in the LOC118487 protein was called the CHCH motif. Alignment of this protein with related members showed the presence of three subgroups of proteins, which are called the S (Small), N (N-terminal extended) and C (C-terminal extended) subgroups. All three sub-groups of proteins have in common that they contain a predicted conserved [coiled coil 1]-[helix 1]-[coiled coil 2]-[helix 2] domain (CHCH domain). Within each helix of the CHCH domain, there are two cysteines present in a C-X9-C motif. The N-group contains an additional double helix domain, and each helix contains the C-X9-C motif. This family contains a number of characterised proteins: Cox19 protein - a nuclear gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, codes for an 11 kDa protein (Cox19p) required for expression of cytochrome oxidase. Because cox19 mutants are able to synthesise the mitochondrial and nuclear gene products of cytochrome oxidase, Cox19p probably functions post-translationally during assembly of the enzyme. Cox19p is present in the cytoplasm and mitochondria, where it exists as a soluble intermembrane protein. This dual location is similar to what was previously reported for Cox17p, a low molecular weight copper protein thought to be required for maturation of the CuA centre of subunit 2 of cytochrome oxidase. Cox19p have four conserved potential metal ligands, these are three cysteines and one histidine. Mrp10 - belongs to the class of yeast mitochondrial ribosomal proteins that are essential for translation [PUBMED:9065385]. Eukaryotic NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase 19 kDa (NDUFA8) subunit [PUBMED:9860297]. The CHCH domain was previously called DUF657 [PUBMED:15177562].

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan CHCH (CL0351), which contains the following 6 members:

CHCH Cmc1 COX6B DUF1903 NDUF_B7 Ndufs5

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(53)
Full
(994)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(930)
Meta
(5)
RP15
(169)
RP35
(274)
RP55
(457)
RP75
(623)
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(53)
Full
(994)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(930)
Meta
(5)
RP15
(169)
RP35
(274)
RP55
(457)
RP75
(623)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
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Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(53)
Full
(994)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(930)
Meta
(5)
RP15
(169)
RP35
(274)
RP55
(457)
RP75
(623)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

Pfam alignments:

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Westerman BA, Poutsma A, Steegers E, Oudejans CBM
Previous IDs: none
Type: Domain
Author: Westerman BA, Poutsma A, Steegers E, Oudejans CBM, Bateman A
Number in seed: 53
Number in full: 994
Average length of the domain: 35.40 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 25 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 22.76 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 26.0 26.0
Trusted cut-off 26.0 26.0
Noise cut-off 25.9 25.9
Model length: 35
Family (HMM) version: 8
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the CHCH domain has been found. There are 4 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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