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43  structures 1352  species 4  interactions 7190  sequences 293  architectures

Family: PP2C (PF00481)

Summary: Protein phosphatase 2C

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The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Protein phosphatase 2C Provide feedback

Protein phosphatase 2C is a Mn++ or Mg++ dependent protein serine/threonine phosphatase.

Literature references

  1. Das AK, Helps NR, Cohen PT, Barford D; , EMBO J 1996;15:6798-6809.: Crystal structure of the protein serine/threonine phosphatase 2C at 2.0 A resolution. PUBMED:9003755 EPMC:9003755


Internal database links

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR001932

This domain is found in protein phosphatase 2C, as well as other proteins eg. pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)-phosphatase (EC), adenylate cyclase (EC) and some bacterial stage II sporulation E proteins (EC).

Protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) is one of the four major classes of mammalian serine/threonine specific protein phosphatases (EC). PP2C [PUBMED:1312947] is a monomeric enzyme of about 42 Kd which shows broad substrate specificity and is dependent on divalent cations (mainly manganese and magnesium) for its activity. Its exact physiological role is still unclear. Three isozymes are currently known in mammals: PP2C-alpha, -beta and -gamma. In yeast, there are at least four PP2C homologs: phosphatase PTC1 [PUBMED:8395005], which has weak tyrosine phosphatase activity in addition to its activity on serines, phosphatases PTC2 and PTC3, and hypothetical protein YBR125c. Isozymes of PP2C are also known from Arabidopsis thaliana (ABI1, PPH1), Caenorhabditis elegans (FEM-2, F42G9.1, T23F11.1), Leishmania chagasi and Paramecium tetraurelia. In A. thaliana, the kinase associated protein phosphatase (KAPP) [PUBMED:7973632] is an enzyme that dephosphorylates the Ser/Thr receptor-like kinase RLK5 and which contains a C-terminal PP2C domain.

PP2C does not seem to be evolutionary related to the main family of serine/ threonine phosphatases: PP1, PP2A and PP2B. However, it is significantly similar to the catalytic subunit of pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase EC (PDPC) [PUBMED:8396421], which catalyzes dephosphorylation and concomitant reactivation of the alpha subunit of the E1 component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. PDPC is a mitochondrial enzyme and, like PP2C, is magnesium-dependent.

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan PP2C (CL0238), which contains the following 3 members:

PP2C PP2C_2 SpoIIE

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(31)
Full
(7190)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(8910)
Meta
(707)
RP15
(1476)
RP35
(2539)
RP55
(3487)
RP75
(4244)
Jalview View  View  View  View  View  View  View  View 
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PP/heatmap 1   View  View  View  View     
Pfam viewer View  View             

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(31)
Full
(7190)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(8910)
Meta
(707)
RP15
(1476)
RP35
(2539)
RP55
(3487)
RP75
(4244)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(31)
Full
(7190)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(8910)
Meta
(707)
RP15
(1476)
RP35
(2539)
RP55
(3487)
RP75
(4244)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

Pfam alignments:

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Prosite
Previous IDs: none
Type: Family
Author: Bateman A, Finn RD
Number in seed: 31
Number in full: 7190
Average length of the domain: 218.80 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 20 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 49.91 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 20.3 20.3
Trusted cut-off 20.3 20.3
Noise cut-off 20.2 20.2
Model length: 255
Family (HMM) version: 16
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

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Interactions

There are 4 interactions for this family. More...

SpoIIE BIR PP2C_C PP2C

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the PP2C domain has been found. There are 43 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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