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0  structures 242  species 0  interactions 514  sequences 3  architectures

Family: PPV_E1_N (PF00524)

Summary: E1 Protein, N terminal domain

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E1 Protein, N terminal domain Provide feedback

No Pfam abstract.

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR014000

Papillomaviruses are a large family of DNA tumour viruses which give rise to warts in their host species. The helicase E1 protein is an ATP-dependent DNA helicase required for initiation of viral DNA replication [PUBMED:8389467]. It forms a complex with the viral E2 protein, which is a site-specific DNA-binding transcriptional activator. The E1-E2 complex binds to the replication origin which contains binding sites for both proteins [PUBMED:2176744].

The E1 protein is a 70 kDa polypeptide with a centrally-located DNA-binding domain and a C-terminal ATPase/helicase domain. It binds specific 18 bp DNA sequences at the origin of replication, melts the DNA duplex and functions as a 3' to 5' helicase [PUBMED:9060646]. In addition to E2 it also interacts with DNA polymerase alpha and replication protein A to effect DNA replication. The DNA-binding domain forms a five-stranded antiparallel beta sheet bordered by four loosely packed alpha helices on one side and two tightly packed helices on the other [PUBMED:10949036]. Two structural modules within this domain, an extended loop and a helix, contain conserved residues and are critical for DNA binding. In solution E1 is a monomer, but binds DNA as a dimer. Recruitment of more E1 subunits to the complex leads to melting of the origin and ultimately to the formation of an E1 hexamer with helicase activity [PUBMED:9658141].

This entry represents the N-terminal region of E1, which contains the nuclear localisation signal.

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

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Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(76)
Full
(514)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(513)
Meta
(1)
RP15
(0)
RP35
(0)
RP55
(0)
RP75
(0)
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(76)
Full
(514)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(513)
Meta
(1)
RP15
(0)
RP35
(0)
RP55
(0)
RP75
(0)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(76)
Full
(514)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(513)
Meta
(1)
RP15
(0)
RP35
(0)
RP55
(0)
RP75
(0)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download           Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download           Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

Pfam alignments:

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Pfam-B_98 (release 1.0)
Previous IDs: E1_N;
Type: Family
Author: Finn RD
Number in seed: 76
Number in full: 514
Average length of the domain: 123.50 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 39 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 22.24 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 22.5 22.5
Trusted cut-off 23.2 25.4
Noise cut-off 21.9 22.2
Model length: 130
Family (HMM) version: 13
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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