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19  structures 468  species 2  interactions 616  sequences 7  architectures

Family: Fibrillarin (PF01269)

Summary: Fibrillarin

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This is the Wikipedia entry entitled "Fibrillarin". More...

Fibrillarin Edit Wikipedia article

Fibrillarin

PDB rendering based on 2ipx.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols FBL; FIB; FLRN; RNU3IP1
External IDs OMIM134795 MGI95486 HomoloGene1099 GeneCards: FBL Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE FBL 211623 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 2091 14113
Ensembl ENSG00000105202 ENSMUSG00000046865
UniProt P22087 P35550
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_001436 NM_007991
RefSeq (protein) NP_001427 NP_032017
Location (UCSC) Chr 19:
40.33 – 40.34 Mb
Chr 7:
28.17 – 28.18 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Fibrillarin
PDB 1g8a EBI.jpg
pyrococcus horikoshii fibrillarin pre-rrna processing protein
Identifiers
Symbol Fibrillarin
Pfam PF01269
Pfam clan CL0063
InterPro IPR000692
PROSITE PDOC00489
SCOP 1fbn
SUPERFAMILY 1fbn

rRNA 2'-O-methyltransferase fibrillarin is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the FBL gene.[1][2][3]

This gene product is a component of a nucleolar small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) particle thought to participate in the first step in processing pre-ribosomal (r)RNA. It is associated with the U3, U8, and U13 small nuclear RNAs and is located in the dense fibrillar component (DFC) of the nucleolus. The encoded protein contains an N-terminal repetitive domain that is rich in glycine and arginine residues, like fibrillarins in other species. Its central region resembles an RNA-binding domain and contains an RNP consensus sequence. Antisera from approximately 8% of humans with the autoimmune disease scleroderma recognize fibrillarin.[3]

Fibrillarin is a component of several ribonucleoproteins including a nucleolar small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (SnRNP) and one of the two classes of small nucleolar ribonucleoproteins (snoRNPs). SnRNAs function in RNA splicing while snoRNPs function in ribosomal RNA processing.

Fibrillarin is associated with U3, U8 and U13 small nuclear RNAs in mammals and is similar to the yeast NOP1 protein. Fibrillarin has a well conserved sequence of around 320 amino acids, and contains 3 domains, an N-terminal Gly/Arg-rich region; a central domain resembling other RNA-binding proteins and containing an RNP-2-like consensus sequence; and a C-terminal alpha-helical domain. An evolutionarily related pre-rRNA processing protein, which lacks the Gly/Arg-rich domain, has been found in various archaebacteria.

A study by Schultz et al. indicated that the K-turn binding 15.5-kDa protein (called Snu13 in yeast) interacts with spliceosome proteins hPRP31, hPRP3, hPRP4, CYPH and the small nucleolar ribonucleoproteins NOP56, NOP58, and fibrillarin. The 15.5-kDa protein has sequence similarity to other RNA-binding proteins such as ribosomal proteins S12, L7a, and L30 and the snoRNP protein NHP2. The U4/U6 snRNP contains 15.5-kDa protein.[4] The 15.5-kDa protein also exists in a ribonucleoprotein complex that binds the U3 box B/C motif. The 15.5-kDa protein also exists as one of the four core proteins of the C/D small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein that mediates methylation of pre-ribosomal RNAs.

Structural evidence supporting the idea that fibrillarin is the small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein methyltransferase has been reviewed.[5]

Interactions[edit]

Fibrillarin has been shown to interact with DDX5[6] and SMN1.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aris JP, Blobel G (March 1991). "cDNA cloning and sequencing of human fibrillarin, a conserved nucleolar protein recognized by autoimmune antisera". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 88 (3): 931–5. doi:10.1073/pnas.88.3.931. PMC 50928. PMID 1846968. 
  2. ^ Jansen RP, Hurt EC, Kern H, Lehtonen H, Carmo-Fonseca M, Lapeyre B, Tollervey D (June 1991). "Evolutionary conservation of the human nucleolar protein fibrillarin and its functional expression in yeast". J Cell Biol 113 (4): 715–29. doi:10.1083/jcb.113.4.715. PMC 2288999. PMID 2026646. 
  3. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: FBL fibrillarin". 
  4. ^ Protein-Protein and Protein-RNA Contacts both Contribute to the 15.5K-Mediated Assembly of the U4/U6 snRNP and the Box C/D snoRNPs by Annemarie Schultz, Stephanie Nottrott, Nicholas James Watkins and Reinhard Lührmann in Molecular and Cellular Biology (2006) Volume 26, pages 5146–5154.
  5. ^ The structure and function of small nucleolar ribonucleoproteins by Steve L. Reichow, Tomoko Hamma, Adrian R. Ferré-D'Amaré and Gabriele Varani in Nucleic Acids Research (2007) Volume 35, pages 1452–1464.
  6. ^ Nicol, S M; Causevic M, Prescott A R, Fuller-Pace F V (June 2000). "The nuclear DEAD box RNA helicase p68 interacts with the nucleolar protein fibrillarin and colocalizes specifically in nascent nucleoli during telophase". Exp. Cell Res. (UNITED STATES) 257 (2): 272–80. doi:10.1006/excr.2000.4886. ISSN 0014-4827. PMID 10837141. 
  7. ^ Pellizzoni, L; Baccon J, Charroux B, Dreyfuss G (July 2001). "The survival of motor neurons (SMN) protein interacts with the snoRNP proteins fibrillarin and GAR1". Curr. Biol. (England) 11 (14): 1079–88. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(01)00316-5. ISSN 0960-9822. PMID 11509230. 

Further reading[edit]


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This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

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No Pfam abstract.

Internal database links

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR000692

Fibrillarin is a component of a nucleolar small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (SnRNP), functioning in vivo in ribosomal RNA processing [PUBMED:2026646, PUBMED:8493104]. It is associated with U3, U8 and U13 small nuclear RNAs in mammals [PUBMED:2026646] and is similar to the yeast NOP1 protein [PUBMED:2686980]. Fibrillarin has a well conserved sequence of around 320 amino acids, and contains 3 domains, an N-terminal Gly/Arg-rich region; a central domain resembling other RNA-binding proteins and containing an RNP-2-like consensus sequence; and a C-terminal alpha-helical domain. An evolutionarily related pre-rRNA processing protein, which lacks the Gly/Arg-rich domain, has been found in various archaebacteria.

Gene Ontology

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Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan NADP_Rossmann (CL0063), which contains the following 180 members:

2-Hacid_dh_C 3Beta_HSD 3HCDH_N adh_short adh_short_C2 ADH_zinc_N ADH_zinc_N_2 AdoHcyase_NAD AdoMet_MTase AlaDh_PNT_C Amino_oxidase ApbA AviRa Bac_GDH Bin3 CheR CMAS CmcI CoA_binding CoA_binding_2 CoA_binding_3 Cons_hypoth95 DAO DapB_N DFP DNA_circ_N DNA_methylase DOT1 DREV dTMP_synthase DUF1442 DUF1776 DUF2431 DUF268 DUF3321 DUF43 DUF633 DUF938 DXP_redisom_C DXP_reductoisom Eco57I ELFV_dehydrog Eno-Rase_FAD_bd Eno-Rase_NADH_b Enoyl_reductase Epimerase F420_oxidored FAD_binding_2 FAD_binding_3 FAD_oxidored Fibrillarin FMO-like FmrO FtsJ G-7-MTase G6PD_N GCD14 GDI GFO_IDH_MocA GIDA GidB GLF Glyco_hydro_4 GMC_oxred_N Gp_dh_N GRAS GRDA HI0933_like HIM1 IlvN K_oxygenase KR LCM Ldh_1_N Lycopene_cycl Malic_M Mannitol_dh Met_10 Methyltrans_Mon Methyltrans_SAM Methyltransf_10 Methyltransf_11 Methyltransf_12 Methyltransf_15 Methyltransf_16 Methyltransf_17 Methyltransf_18 Methyltransf_19 Methyltransf_2 Methyltransf_20 Methyltransf_21 Methyltransf_22 Methyltransf_23 Methyltransf_24 Methyltransf_25 Methyltransf_26 Methyltransf_27 Methyltransf_28 Methyltransf_29 Methyltransf_3 Methyltransf_30 Methyltransf_31 Methyltransf_32 Methyltransf_4 Methyltransf_5 Methyltransf_7 Methyltransf_8 Methyltransf_9 Methyltransf_PK MethyltransfD12 MetW Mg-por_mtran_C Mqo MT-A70 MTS Mur_ligase N2227 N6-adenineMlase N6_Mtase N6_N4_Mtase NAD_binding_10 NAD_binding_11 NAD_binding_2 NAD_binding_3 NAD_binding_4 NAD_binding_5 NAD_binding_7 NAD_binding_8 NAD_binding_9 NAD_Gly3P_dh_N NAS NmrA NNMT_PNMT_TEMT NodS Nol1_Nop2_Fmu Nol1_Nop2_Fmu_2 NSP13 OCD_Mu_crystall PARP_regulatory PCMT PDH Polysacc_synt_2 Pox_MCEL Prenylcys_lyase PrmA PRMT5 Pyr_redox Pyr_redox_2 Pyr_redox_3 RmlD_sub_bind Rossmann-like rRNA_methylase RrnaAD Rsm22 RsmJ Saccharop_dh SAM_MT SE Semialdhyde_dh Shikimate_DH Spermine_synth Strep_67kDa_ant TehB THF_DHG_CYH_C Thi4 ThiF TPMT TrkA_N TRM TRM13 tRNA_U5-meth_tr Trp_halogenase TylF Ubie_methyltran UDPG_MGDP_dh_N UPF0020 UPF0146 V_cholerae_RfbT XdhC_C YjeF_N

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

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  Seed
(42)
Full
(616)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(756)
Meta
(165)
RP15
(137)
RP35
(227)
RP55
(320)
RP75
(394)
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  Seed
(42)
Full
(616)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(756)
Meta
(165)
RP15
(137)
RP35
(227)
RP55
(320)
RP75
(394)
Alignment:
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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(42)
Full
(616)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(756)
Meta
(165)
RP15
(137)
RP35
(227)
RP55
(320)
RP75
(394)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
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You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

Pfam alignments:

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Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Prosite
Previous IDs: none
Type: Domain
Author: Finn RD, Bateman A
Number in seed: 42
Number in full: 616
Average length of the domain: 215.80 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 57 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 78.68 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 19.9 19.9
Trusted cut-off 19.9 19.9
Noise cut-off 19.8 19.7
Model length: 229
Family (HMM) version: 12
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Interactions

There are 2 interactions for this family. More...

Fibrillarin Nop

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Fibrillarin domain has been found. There are 19 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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