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YCF9 Provide feedback
This family consists of the hypothetical protein product of the YCF9 gene from chloroplasts and cyanobacteria. These proteins have no known function.
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This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR002644
Oxygenic photosynthesis uses two multi-subunit photosystems (I and II) located in the cell membranes of cyanobacteria and in the thylakoid membranes of chloroplasts in plants and algae. Photosystem II (PSII) has a P680 reaction centre containing chlorophyll 'a' that uses light energy to carry out the oxidation (splitting) of water molecules, and to produce ATP via a proton pump. Photosystem I (PSI) has a P700 reaction centre containing chlorophyll that takes the electron and associated hydrogen donated from PSII to reduce NADP+ to NADPH. Both ATP and NADPH are subsequently used in the light-independent reactions to convert carbon dioxide to glucose using the hydrogen atom extracted from water by PSII, releasing oxygen as a by-product.
PSII is a multisubunit protein-pigment complex containing polypeptides both intrinsic and extrinsic to the photosynthetic membrane [PUBMED:12518057, PUBMED:15100025]. Within the core of the complex, the chlorophyll and beta-carotene pigments are mainly bound to the antenna proteins CP43 (PsbC) and CP47 (PsbB), which pass the excitation energy on to the reaction centre proteins D1 (Qb, PsbA) and D2 (Qa, PsbD) that bind all the redox-active cofactors involved in the energy conversion process. The PSII oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) oxidises water to provide protons for use by PSI, and consists of OEE1 (PsbO), OEE2 (PsbP) and OEE3 (PsbQ). The remaining subunits in PSII are of low molecular weight (less than 10 kDa), and are involved in PSII assembly, stabilisation, dimerisation, and photo-protection [PUBMED:14871485].
This family represents PsbZ (Ycf9), which is a core low molecular weight transmembrane protein of photosystem II in thylakoid-containing chloroplasts of cyanobacteria and plants. It is thought to be located at the interface of PSII and LHCII (light-harvesting complex II) complexes, the latter containing the light-harvesting antenna. PsbZ appears to act as a structural factor, or linker, that stabilises the PSII-LHCII supercomplexes, which fail to form in PsbZ-deficient mutants. This may in part be due to the marked decrease in two LHCII antenna proteins, CP26 and CP29, found in PsbZ-deficient mutants, which result in structural changes, as well as functional modifications in PSII [PUBMED:11402165]. PsbZ may also be involved in photo-protective processes under sub-optimal growth conditions.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||photosystem II reaction center (GO:0009539)|
|photosystem II (GO:0009523)|
|Biological process||photosystem II stabilization (GO:0042549)|
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_2211 (release 4.1)|
|Author:||Bashton M, Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||35|
|Number in full:||1482|
|Average length of the domain:||57.60 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||81 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||94.87 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||12|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Ycf9 domain has been found. There are 17 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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