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65  structures 4466  species 2  interactions 21443  sequences 65  architectures

Family: Mur_ligase_C (PF02875)

Summary: Mur ligase family, glutamate ligase domain

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Mur ligase family, glutamate ligase domain Provide feedback

This family contains a number of related ligase enzymes which have EC numbers 6.3.2.*. This family includes: MurC (P17952), MurD (P14900), MurE (P22188), MurF (P11880), Mpl (P37773) and FolC (P08192). MurC, MurD, Mure and MurF catalyse consecutive steps in the synthesis of peptidoglycan. Peptidoglycan consists of a sheet of two sugar derivatives, with one of these N-acetylmuramic acid attaching to a small pentapeptide. The pentapeptide is is made of L-alanine, D-glutamic acid, Meso-diaminopimelic acid and D-alanyl alanine. The peptide moiety is synthesised by successively adding these amino acids to UDP-N-acetylmuramic acid. MurC transfers the L-alanine, MurD transfers the D-glutamate, MurE transfers the diaminopimelic acid, and MurF transfers the D-alanyl alanine. This family also includes Folylpolyglutamate synthase that transfers glutamate to folylpolyglutamate.

Literature references

  1. Bertrand JA, Auger G, Fanchon E, Martin L, Blanot D, van Heijenoort J, Dideberg O; , EMBO J 1997;16:3416-3425.: Crystal structure of UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine:D-glutamate ligase from Escherichia coli. PUBMED:9218784 EPMC:9218784


External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR004101

The bacterial cell wall provides strength and rigidity to counteract internal osmotic pressure, and protection against the environment. The peptidoglycan layer gives the cell wall its strength, and helps maintain the overall shape of the cell. The basic peptidoglycan structure of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria is comprised of a sheet of glycan chains connected by short cross-linking polypeptides. Biosynthesis of peptidoglycan is a multi-step (11-12 steps) process comprising three main stages:

  • (1) formation of UDP-N-acetylmuramic acid (UDPMurNAc) from N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc).
  • (2) addition of a short polypeptide chain to the UDPMurNAc.
  • (3) addition of a second GlcNAc to the disaccharide-pentapeptide building block and transport of this unit through the cytoplasmic membrane and incorporation into the growing peptidoglycan layer.

Stage two involves four key Mur ligase enzymes: MurC (EC) [PUBMED:17139082], MurD (EC) [PUBMED:17427948], MurE (EC) [PUBMED:16595662] and MurF (EC) [PUBMED:16322581]. These four Mur ligases are responsible for the successive additions of L-alanine, D-glutamate, meso-diaminopimelate or L-lysine, and D-alanyl-D-alanine to UDP-N-acetylmuramic acid. All four Mur ligases are topologically similar to one another, even though they display low sequence identity. They are each composed of three domains: an N-terminal Rossmann-fold domain responsible for binding the UDPMurNAc substrate; a central domain (similar to ATP-binding domains of several ATPases and GTPases); and a C-terminal domain (similar to dihydrofolate reductase fold) that appears to be associated with binding the incoming amino acid. The conserved sequence motifs found in the four Mur enzymes also map to other members of the Mur ligase family, including folylpolyglutamate synthetase, cyanophycin synthetase and the capB enzyme from Bacillales [PUBMED:16934839].

This entry represents the C-terminal domain from all four stage 2 Mur enzymes: UDP-N-acetylmuramate-L-alanine ligase (MurC), UDP-N-acetylmuramoylalanine-D-glutamate ligase (MurD), UDP-N-acetylmuramoylalanyl-D-glutamate-2,6-diaminopimelate ligase (MurE), and UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-tripeptide-D-alanyl-D-alanine ligase (MurF). This entry also includes the C-terminal domain of folylpolyglutamate synthase that transfers glutamate to folylpolyglutamate and cyanophycin synthetase that catalyses the biosynthesis of the cyanobacterial reserve material multi-L-arginyl-poly-L-aspartate (cyanophycin) [PUBMED:9652408].

The C-terminal domain is almost always associated with the cytoplasmic peptidoglycan synthetases, N-terminal domain (see INTERPRO).

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Alignments

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(50)
Full
(21443)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(15708)
Meta
(6742)
RP15
(1552)
RP35
(3028)
RP55
(3916)
RP75
(4592)
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Format an alignment

  Seed
(50)
Full
(21443)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(15708)
Meta
(6742)
RP15
(1552)
RP35
(3028)
RP55
(3916)
RP75
(4592)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(50)
Full
(21443)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(15708)
Meta
(6742)
RP15
(1552)
RP35
(3028)
RP55
(3916)
RP75
(4592)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

Pfam alignments:

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Bateman A
Previous IDs: FPGS;
Type: Domain
Author: Bateman A, Finn RD, Griffiths-Jones SR
Number in seed: 50
Number in full: 21443
Average length of the domain: 85.40 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 20 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 18.16 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 23.1 23.1
Trusted cut-off 23.1 23.1
Noise cut-off 23.0 23.0
Model length: 91
Family (HMM) version: 16
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Interactions

There are 2 interactions for this family. More...

Mur_ligase Mur_ligase_M

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Mur_ligase_C domain has been found. There are 65 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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