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2  structures 488  species 0  interactions 1254  sequences 25  architectures

Family: Prefoldin (PF02996)

Summary: Prefoldin subunit

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Prefoldin subunit Provide feedback

This family comprises of several prefoldin subunits. The biogenesis of the cytoskeletal proteins actin and tubulin involves interaction of nascent chains of each of the two proteins with the oligomeric protein prefoldin (PFD) and their subsequent transfer to the cytosolic chaperonin CCT (chaperonin containing TCP-1). Electron microscopy shows that eukaryotic PFD, which has a similar structure to its archaeal counterpart, interacts with unfolded actin along the tips of its projecting arms. In its PFD-bound state, actin seems to acquire a conformation similar to that adopted when it is bound to CCT [1].

Literature references

  1. Martin-Benito J, Boskovic J, Gomez-Puertas P, Carrascosa JL, Simons CT, Lewis SA, Bartolini F, Cowan NJ, Valpuesta JM; , EMBO J 2002;21:6377-6386.: Structure of eukaryotic prefoldin and of its complexes with unfolded actin and the cytosolic chaperonin CCT. PUBMED:12456645 EPMC:12456645


External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR004127

This entry comprises of several prefoldin subunits. Prefoldin (PFD) is a chaperone that interacts exclusively with type II chaperonins, hetero-oligomers lacking an obligate co-chaperonin that are found only in eukaryotes (chaperonin-containing T-complex polypeptide-1 (CCT)) and archaea. Eukaryotic PFD is a multi-subunit complex containing six polypeptides in the molecular mass range of 14-23 kDa. In archaea, on the other hand, PFD is composed of two types of subunits, two alpha and four beta. The six subunits associate to form two back-to-back up-and-down eight-stranded barrels, from which hang six coiled coils. Each subunit contributes one (beta subunits) or two (alpha subunits) beta hairpin turns to the barrels. The coiled coils are formed by the N and C termini of an individual subunit. Overall, this unique arrangement resembles a jellyfish. The eukaryotic PFD hexamer is composed of six different subunits; however, these can be grouped into two alpha-like (PFD3 and -5) and four beta-like (PFD1, -2, -4, and -6) subunits based on amino acid sequence similarity with their archaeal counterparts. Eukaryotic PFD has a six-legged structure similar to that seen in the archaeal homologue [PUBMED:11106732, PUBMED:12456645]. This family contains the archaeal alpha subunit, eukaryotic prefoldin subunits 3 and 5 and the UXT (ubiquitously expressed transcript) family.

Eukaryotic PFD has been shown to bind both actin and tubulin co-translationally. The chaperone then delivers the target protein to CCT, interacting with the chaperonin through the tips of the coiled coils. No authentic target proteins of any archaeal PFD have been identified, to date.

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan Prefoldin (CL0200), which contains the following 3 members:

Prefoldin Prefoldin_2 Prefoldin_3

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(37)
Full
(1254)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(1220)
Meta
(90)
RP15
(274)
RP35
(444)
RP55
(656)
RP75
(812)
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(37)
Full
(1254)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(1220)
Meta
(90)
RP15
(274)
RP35
(444)
RP55
(656)
RP75
(812)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(37)
Full
(1254)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(1220)
Meta
(90)
RP15
(274)
RP35
(444)
RP55
(656)
RP75
(812)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

Pfam alignments:

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Pfam-B_1664 (release 6.4)
Previous IDs: DUF232;
Type: Family
Author: Bateman A, Moxon SJ
Number in seed: 37
Number in full: 1254
Average length of the domain: 116.60 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 19 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 50.84 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 23.2 23.2
Trusted cut-off 23.2 24.0
Noise cut-off 23.0 23.1
Model length: 120
Family (HMM) version: 12
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Prefoldin domain has been found. There are 2 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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