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4  structures 2576  species 0  interactions 2601  sequences 9  architectures

Family: TilS_C (PF11734)

Summary: TilS substrate C-terminal domain

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TilS substrate C-terminal domain Provide feedback

This domain is found in the tRNA(Ile) lysidine synthetase (TilS) protein.

Literature references

  1. Kuratani M, Yoshikawa Y, Bessho Y, Higashijima K, Ishii T, Shibata R, Takahashi S, Yutani K, Yokoyama S; , Structure. 2007;15:1642-1653.: Structural basis of the initial binding of tRNA(Ile) lysidine synthetase TilS with ATP and L-lysine. PUBMED:18073113 EPMC:18073113

  2. Nakanishi K, Fukai S, Ikeuchi Y, Soma A, Sekine Y, Suzuki T, Nureki O; , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:7487-7492.: Structural basis for lysidine formation by ATP pyrophosphatase accompanied by a lysine-specific loop and a tRNA-recognition domain. PUBMED:15894617 EPMC:15894617


Internal database links

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR012796

The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (EC) catalyse the attachment of an amino acid to its cognate transfer RNA molecule in a highly specific two-step reaction. These proteins differ widely in size and oligomeric state, and have limited sequence homology [PUBMED:2203971]. The 20 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are divided into two classes, I and II. Class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases contain a characteristic Rossman fold catalytic domain and are mostly monomeric [PUBMED:10673435]. Class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases share an anti-parallel beta-sheet fold flanked by alpha-helices [PUBMED:8364025], and are mostly dimeric or multimeric, containing at least three conserved regions [PUBMED:8274143, PUBMED:2053131, PUBMED:1852601]. However, tRNA binding involves an alpha-helical structure that is conserved between class I and class II synthetases. In reactions catalysed by the class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, the aminoacyl group is coupled to the 2'-hydroxyl of the tRNA, while, in class II reactions, the 3'-hydroxyl site is preferred. The synthetases specific for arginine, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, isoleucine, leucine, methionine, tyrosine, tryptophan and valine belong to class I synthetases. The synthetases specific for alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glycine, histidine, lysine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, and threonine belong to class-II synthetases [PUBMED:]. Based on their mode of binding to the tRNA acceptor stem, both classes of tRNA synthetases have been subdivided into three subclasses, designated 1a, 1b, 1c and 2a, 2b, 2c.

This entry represents the C-terminal domain of lysidine-tRNA(Ile) synthetase, which ligates lysine onto the cytidine present at position 34 of the AUA codon-specific tRNA(Ile) that contains the anticodon CAU, in an ATP-dependent manner. Cytidine is converted to lysidine, thus changing the amino acid specificity of the tRNA from methionine to isoleucine. The N-terminal region contains the highly conserved SGGXDS motif, predicted to be a PP-loop motif involved in ATP binding.

The only examples in which the wobble position of a tRNA must discriminate between G and A of mRNA are AUA (Ile) versus AUG (Met) and UGA (stop) versus UGG (Trp). In all bacteria, the wobble position of the tRNA(Ile) recognizing AUA is lysidine, a lysine derivative of cytidine. This domain is found, apparently, in all bacteria in a single copy. Eukaryotic sequences appear to be organellar. The domain architecture of this protein is variable; some, including characterised proteins of Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis known to be tRNA(Ile)-lysidine synthetase, include a conserved 50-residue domain that many other members lack. This protein belongs to the ATP-binding PP-loop family. It appears in the literature and protein databases as TilS, YacA, and putative cell cycle protein MesJ (a misnomer).

The PP-loop motif appears to be a modified version of the P-loop of nucleotide binding domain that is involved in phosphate binding [PUBMED:7731953]. Named PP-motif, since it appears to be a part of a previously uncharacterised ATP pyrophophatase domain. ATP sulfurylases, E. coli NtrL, and B. subtilis OutB consist of this domain alone. In other proteins, the pyrophosphatase domain is associated with amidotransferase domains (type I or type II), a putative citrulline-aspartate ligase domain or a nitrilase/amidase domain. The HUP domain class (after HIGH-signature proteins, UspA, and PP-ATPase) groups together PP-loop ATPases, the nucleotide-binding domains of class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, UspA protein (USPA domains), photolyases, and electron transport flavoproteins (ETFP). The HUP domain is a distinct class of alpha/beta domain[PUBMED:12012333].

More information about this protein can be found at Protein of the Month: ATP Synthases [PUBMED:].

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan PheT-TilS (CL0383), which contains the following 2 members:

B3_4 TilS_C

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(140)
Full
(2601)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(1909)
Meta
(354)
RP15
(178)
RP35
(312)
RP55
(403)
RP75
(480)
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(140)
Full
(2601)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(1909)
Meta
(354)
RP15
(178)
RP35
(312)
RP55
(403)
RP75
(480)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
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Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(140)
Full
(2601)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(1909)
Meta
(354)
RP15
(178)
RP35
(312)
RP55
(403)
RP75
(480)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

Pfam alignments:

HMM logo

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Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: pdb_1ni5
Previous IDs: none
Type: Domain
Author: Sammut SJ, Bateman A
Number in seed: 140
Number in full: 2601
Average length of the domain: 70.80 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 26 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 16.01 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 21.0 21.0
Trusted cut-off 21.1 21.1
Noise cut-off 20.8 20.9
Model length: 74
Family (HMM) version: 3
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the TilS_C domain has been found. There are 4 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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