Summary: Ubiquitin fold modifier 1 protein
Ubiquitin fold modifier 1 protein Provide feedback
This is a family of short ubiquitin-like proteins, that is like neither type-1 or type-2. It is a ubiquitin-fold modifier 1 (Ufm1) that is synthesised in a precursor form of 85 amino-acid residues. In humans the enzyme for Ufm1 is Uba5 and the conjugating enzyme is Ufc1. Prior to activation by Uba5 the extra two amino acids at the C-terminal region of the human pro-Ufm1 protein are removed to expose Gly whose residue is necessary for conjugation to target molecule(s). The mature Ufm1 is conjugated to yet unidentified endogenous . While Ubiquitin and many Ubls possess the conserved C-terminal di-glycine that is adenylated by each specific E1 or E1-like enzyme, respectively, in an ATP-dependent manner, Ufm1(1-83) possesses a single glycine at its C-terminus, which is followed by a Ser-Cys dipeptide in the precursor form of Ufm1. The C-terminally processed Ufm1(1-83) is specifically activated by Uba5, an E1-like enzyme, and then transferred to its cognate Ufc1, an E2-like enzyme .
Komatsu M, Chiba T, Tatsumi K, Iemura S, Tanida I, Okazaki N, Ueno T, Kominami E, Natsume T, Tanaka K; , EMBO J. 2004;23:1977-1986.: A novel protein-conjugating system for Ufm1, a ubiquitin-fold modifier. PUBMED:15071506 EPMC:15071506
Sasakawa H, Sakata E, Yamaguchi Y, Komatsu M, Tatsumi K, Kominami E, Tanaka K, Kato K; , Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006;343:21-26.: Solution structure and dynamics of Ufm1, a ubiquitin-fold modifier 1. PUBMED:16527251 EPMC:16527251
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR005375
Ubiquitinylation is an ATP-dependent process that involves the action of at least three enzymes: a ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1, INTERPRO), a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2, INTERPRO), and a ubiquitin ligase (E3, INTERPRO, INTERPRO), which work sequentially in a cascade. There are many different E3 ligases, which are responsible for the type of ubiquitin chain formed, the specificity of the target protein, and the regulation of the ubiquitinylation process [PUBMED:12646216]. Ubiquitinylation is an important regulatory tool that controls the concentration of key signalling proteins, such as those involved in cell cycle control, as well as removing misfolded, damaged or mutant proteins that could be harmful to the cell. Several ubiquitin-like molecules have been discovered, such as Ufm1 (INTERPRO), SUMO1 (INTERPRO), NEDD8, Rad23 (INTERPRO), Elongin B and Parkin (INTERPRO), the latter being involved in Parkinson's disease [PUBMED:15564047].
Ubiquitin-like molecules (UBLs) can be divided into two subclasses: type-1 UBLs, which ligate to target proteins in a manner similar, but not identical, to the ubiquitylation pathway, such as SUMO, NEDD8, and UCRP/ISG15, and type-2 UBLs (also called UDPs, ubiquitin-domain proteins), which contain ubiquitin-like structure embedded in a variety of different classes of large proteins with apparently distinct functions, such as Rad23, Elongin B, Scythe, Parkin, and HOIL-1.
This entry represents Ufm1 (ubiquitin-fold modifier), which is a ubiquitin-like protein with structural similarities to ubiquitin [PUBMED:10884686, PUBMED:15071506]. Ufm1 is one of a number of ubiquitin-like modifiers that conjugate to target proteins in cells through Uba5 (E1) and Ufc1 (E2). The Ufm1-system is conserved in metazoa and plants, suggesting it has a potential role in multicellular organisms [PUBMED:16527251]. Human Ufm1 is synthesized as a precursor consisting of 85 amino-acid residues. Prior to activation by Uba5, the extra amino acids at the C-terminal region of Ufm1 are removed to expose Gly, which is necessary for conjugation to target molecule(s). C-terminal processing of Ufm1 requires two specific cysteine peptidases (INTERPRO): UfSP1 and UfSP2; both peptidases are also able to release Ufm1 from Ufm1-conjugated cellular proteins. UfSP2 is present in most, if not all, of multi-cellular organisms including plant, nematode, fly, and mammal, whereas UfSP1 is not present in plants and nematodes [PUBMED:17182609].
For further information on ubiquitin, please see Protein of the Month [PUBMED:].
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Curation and family details
|Author:||Bateman A, Coggill P|
|Number in seed:||2|
|Number in full:||177|
|Average length of the domain:||72.40 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||75 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||67.89 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||9|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Ufm1 domain has been found. There are 3 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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